Tobias Visit to Giza Zoo... Catch an escaped 90 cm Nile crocodile... Giza Zoological Garden is the first Afri... The first and largest Zoological Museum ...
White Pelican بجع أبيض

Class:    Aves 
Order:    Pelecaniformes
Family:   Pelecanidae
Species:Pelecanus onocrotalus

It is found in Eastern Europe, Western Mongolia in summer. It migrates in winter to North and East Africa and Iraq east to India.


In Europe, the habitat includes freshwater lakes, deltas, marshes, or swamps; that is, wherever sufficient amounts grasses exist for nesting. In Africa, the habitat includes lowlands and alkaline or freshwater lakes. This pelican's fishing technique demands shallow, warm water.

This is a large pelican, at a mass of 10 kg, 160 cm long and with a 280 cm wingspan, with pure white, rather than grayish-white, plumage, a bare pink facial patch around the eye and pinkish legs. Males are larger than females, and have a long beak that grows in a downwards arc, as opposed to the shorter, straighter beak of the female. Immature birds are grey and have dark flight feathers.

They live up to 30 years.

They primarily eat fish.500 to 900g

Highly social, these birds habitually fish in groups, with 2-40 birds swimming in horseshoe formation and submerging their heads and necks at the same moment. They rest on shore in large groups and soar on thermal currents in flocks.

Breeding occurs in spring in temperate zones of Europe; all year round in Africa. This pelican breeds as it lives, in a large colony near water. Pair formation, nest site selection, and nest building occurs rapidly (few hours up to no more than a week). The nest is built on the ground and consists of either a pile of sticks or little more than bare rock. This pelican lays two eggs; incubation of 29-36 days; fledgling at 65-75 days. Sexual maturity is at 3-4 years.

Conservation Status:
IUCN Red List: Least Concern.

International Organization
Copyright @ 2009 Giza Zoo. Contact Us | Sitemap | Feedback | Privacy Policy